Express-saml2/Samlify XML Signature Wrapper User xml injection

CVSS Meta Temp Score
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Current Exploit Price (≈)
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CTI Interest Score
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A vulnerability was found in Express-saml2 and Samlify (the affected version unknown). It has been classified as critical. This affects an unknown code of the component XML Signature Wrapper. The manipulation with an unknown input leads to a xml injection vulnerability (User). CWE is classifying the issue as CWE-91. The software does not properly neutralize special elements that are used in XML, allowing attackers to modify the syntax, content, or commands of the XML before it is processed by an end system. This is going to have an impact on confidentiality, and integrity. The summary by CVE is:

An XML Signature Wrapping vulnerability exists in Samlify 2.2.0 and earlier, and in predecessor Express-saml2 which could allow attackers to impersonate arbitrary users.

The bug was discovered 09/22/2017. The weakness was published 01/02/2018 (Website). It is possible to read the advisory at This vulnerability is uniquely identified as CVE-2017-1000452 since 01/02/2018. It is possible to initiate the attack remotely. A authentication is needed for exploitation. The technical details are unknown and an exploit is not publicly available. The attack technique deployed by this issue is T1505 according to MITRE ATT&CK.

The vulnerability was handled as a non-public zero-day exploit for at least 102 days. During that time the estimated underground price was around $0-$5k.

There is no information about possible countermeasures known. It may be suggested to replace the affected object with an alternative product.



CPE 2.3info

CPE 2.2info


VulDB Meta Base Score: 5.8
VulDB Meta Temp Score: 5.8

VulDB Base Score: 4.2
VulDB Temp Score: 4.2
VulDB Vector: 🔍
VulDB Reliability: 🔍

NVD Base Score: 7.5
NVD Vector: 🔍



VulDB Base Score: 🔍
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NVD Base Score: 🔍


Name: User
Class: Xml injection / User
CWE: CWE-91 / CWE-74 / CWE-707
ATT&CK: T1505

Local: No
Remote: Yes

Availability: 🔍
Status: Not defined

EPSS Score: 🔍
EPSS Percentile: 🔍

Price Prediction: 🔍
Current Price Estimation: 🔍


Threat Intelligenceinfo

Interest: 🔍
Active Actors: 🔍
Active APT Groups: 🔍


Recommended: no mitigation known
Status: 🔍

0-Day Time: 🔍



09/22/2017 🔍
01/02/2018 +102 days 🔍
01/02/2018 +0 days 🔍
01/02/2018 +0 days 🔍
01/03/2018 +1 days 🔍
01/19/2023 +1842 days 🔍


Status: Not defined

CVE: CVE-2017-1000452 (🔍)


Created: 01/03/2018 09:20 AM
Updated: 01/19/2023 06:28 PM
Changes: 01/03/2018 09:20 AM (56), 12/19/2019 09:01 AM (1), 01/19/2023 06:28 PM (3)
Complete: 🔍


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