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|CTI Interest Score|
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A vulnerability, which was classified as critical, was found in ZyXEL NAS up to 5.20. This affects an unknown functionality of the file weblogin.cgi. The manipulation of the argument
username as part of a GET Request leads to a privilege escalation vulnerability. CWE is classifying the issue as CWE-78. This is going to have an impact on confidentiality, integrity, and availability. The summary by CVE is:
Multiple ZyXEL network-attached storage (NAS) devices running firmware version 5.21 contain a pre-authentication command injection vulnerability, which may allow a remote, unauthenticated attacker to execute arbitrary code on a vulnerable device. ZyXEL NAS devices achieve authentication by using the weblogin.cgi CGI executable. This program fails to properly sanitize the username parameter that is passed to it. If the username parameter contains certain characters, it can allow command injection with the privileges of the web server that runs on the ZyXEL device. Although the web server does not run as the root user, ZyXEL devices include a setuid utility that can be leveraged to run any command with root privileges. As such, it should be assumed that exploitation of this vulnerability can lead to remote code execution with root privileges. By sending a specially-crafted HTTP POST or GET request to a vulnerable ZyXEL device, a remote, unauthenticated attacker may be able to execute arbitrary code on the device. This may happen by directly connecting to a device if it is directly exposed to an attacker. However, there are ways to trigger such crafted requests even if an attacker does not have direct connectivity to a vulnerable devices. For example, simply visiting a website can result in the compromise of any ZyXEL device that is reachable from the client system. Affected products include: NAS326 before firmware V5.21(AAZF.7)C0 NAS520 before firmware V5.21(AASZ.3)C0 NAS540 before firmware V5.21(AATB.4)C0 NAS542 before firmware V5.21(ABAG.4)C0 ZyXEL has made firmware updates available for NAS326, NAS520, NAS540, and NAS542 devices. Affected models that are end-of-support: NSA210, NSA220, NSA220+, NSA221, NSA310, NSA310S, NSA320, NSA320S, NSA325 and NSA325v2
The weakness was shared 03/04/2020 as confirmed advisory (CERT.org). It is possible to read the advisory at kb.cert.org. This vulnerability is uniquely identified as CVE-2020-9054 since 02/18/2020. It is possible to initiate the attack remotely. No form of authentication is needed for exploitation. Technical details of the vulnerability are known, but there is no available exploit.
Upgrading to version 5.21 eliminates this vulnerability.
CVSSv3VulDB Meta Base Score: 8.5
VulDB Meta Temp Score: 8.2
VulDB Base Score: 7.3
VulDB Temp Score: 7.0
VulDB Vector: 🔍
VulDB Reliability: 🔍
NVD Base Score: 9.8
NVD Vector: 🔍
VulDB Base Score: 🔍
VulDB Temp Score: 🔍
VulDB Reliability: 🔍
NVD Base Score: 🔍
ExploitingClass: Privilege escalation
Status: Not defined
Price Prediction: 🔍
Current Price Estimation: 🔍
Threat IntelligenceThreat: 🔍
0-Day Time: 🔍
Upgrade: NAS 5.21
03/04/2020 +15 days 🔍
03/05/2020 +1 days 🔍
03/05/2020 +0 days 🔍
CVE: CVE-2020-9054 (🔍)
EntryCreated: 03/05/2020 08:29 AM
Updated: 03/05/2020 08:34 AM
Changes: (17) vulnerability_cwe vulnerability_cvss2_nvd_av vulnerability_cvss2_nvd_ac vulnerability_cvss2_nvd_au vulnerability_cvss2_nvd_ci vulnerability_cvss2_nvd_ii vulnerability_cvss2_nvd_ai vulnerability_cvss3_nvd_av vulnerability_cvss3_nvd_ac vulnerability_cvss3_nvd_pr vulnerability_cvss3_nvd_ui vulnerability_cvss3_nvd_s vulnerability_cvss3_nvd_c vulnerability_cvss3_nvd_i vulnerability_cvss3_nvd_a source_cve_assigned source_cve_nvd_summary
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