freeciv 2.2.0/2.3.0 os command injection

CVSS Meta Temp Score
CVSS is a standardized scoring system to determine possibilities of attacks. The Temp Score considers temporal factors like disclosure, exploit and countermeasures. The unique Meta Score calculates the average score of different sources to provide a normalized scoring system.
Current Exploit Price (≈)
Our analysts are monitoring exploit markets and are in contact with vulnerability brokers. The range indicates the observed or calculated exploit price to be seen on exploit markets. A good indicator to understand the monetary effort required for and the popularity of an attack.
CTI Interest Score
Our Cyber Threat Intelligence team is monitoring different web sites, mailing lists, exploit markets and social media networks. The CTI Interest Score identifies the interest of attackers and the security community for this specific vulnerability in real-time. A high score indicates an elevated risk to be targeted for this vulnerability.

A vulnerability, which was classified as very critical, was found in freeciv 2.2.0/2.3.0. This affects an unknown function. The manipulation with an unknown input leads to a os command injection vulnerability. CWE is classifying the issue as CWE-78. The software constructs all or part of an OS command using externally-influenced input from an upstream component, but it does not neutralize or incorrectly neutralizes special elements that could modify the intended OS command when it is sent to a downstream component. This is going to have an impact on confidentiality, integrity, and availability. The summary by CVE is:

freeciv 2.2 before 2.2.1 and 2.3 before 2.3.0 allows attackers to read arbitrary files or execute arbitrary commands via a scenario that contains Lua functionality, related to the (1) os, (2) io, (3) package, (4) dofile, (5) loadfile, (6) loadlib, (7) module, and (8) require modules or functions.

The weakness was shared 06/07/2010 (Website). The advisory is shared at This vulnerability is uniquely identified as CVE-2010-2445 since 06/24/2010. The exploitability is told to be easy. It is possible to initiate the attack remotely. No form of authentication is needed for exploitation. Neither technical details nor an exploit are publicly available. The price for an exploit might be around USD $0-$5k at the moment (estimation calculated on 09/20/2021). MITRE ATT&CK project uses the attack technique T1202 for this issue.

The vulnerability scanner Nessus provides a plugin with the ID 72384 (GLSA-201402-07 : Freeciv: User-assisted execution of arbitrary code), which helps to determine the existence of the flaw in a target environment. It is assigned to the family Gentoo Local Security Checks.

Upgrading to version 2.2.0 eliminates this vulnerability. A possible mitigation has been published immediately after the disclosure of the vulnerability.

The vulnerability is also documented in the vulnerability database at Tenable (72384).



CPE 2.3info

CPE 2.2info


VulDB Meta Base Score: 9.8
VulDB Meta Temp Score: 9.4

VulDB Base Score: 9.8
VulDB Temp Score: 9.4
VulDB Vector: 🔍
VulDB Reliability: 🔍



VulDB Base Score: 🔍
VulDB Temp Score: 🔍
VulDB Reliability: 🔍

NVD Base Score: 🔍


Class: Os command injection
CWE: CWE-78 / CWE-74 / CWE-707
ATT&CK: T1202

Local: No
Remote: Yes

Availability: 🔍
Status: Not defined

EPSS Score: 🔍
EPSS Percentile: 🔍

Price Prediction: 🔍
Current Price Estimation: 🔍


Nessus ID: 72384
Nessus Name: GLSA-201402-07 : Freeciv: User-assisted execution of arbitrary code
Nessus File: 🔍
Nessus Risk: 🔍
Nessus Family: 🔍
Nessus Port: 🔍

OpenVAS ID: 862321
OpenVAS Name: Fedora Update for freeciv FEDORA-2010-12256
OpenVAS File: 🔍
OpenVAS Family: 🔍

Threat Intelligenceinfo

Interest: 🔍
Active Actors: 🔍
Active APT Groups: 🔍


Recommended: Upgrade
Status: 🔍

Reaction Time: 🔍
0-Day Time: 🔍
Exposure Time: 🔍

Upgrade: freeciv 2.2.0


06/07/2010 🔍
06/07/2010 +0 days 🔍
06/07/2010 +0 days 🔍
06/07/2010 +0 days 🔍
06/07/2010 +0 days 🔍
06/24/2010 +16 days 🔍
07/08/2010 +14 days 🔍
08/23/2010 +46 days 🔍
02/07/2014 +1264 days 🔍
03/19/2015 +405 days 🔍
09/20/2021 +2377 days 🔍


Advisory: 163311
Status: Not defined
Confirmation: 🔍

CVE: CVE-2010-2445 (🔍)
Vulnerability Center: 26858 - freeciv Remote Information Disclosure or Arbitrary Code Execution Vulnerability via a Crafted File, Medium
SecurityFocus: 40598 - Freeciv Lua Runtime Environment Remote Command Execution Vulnerability
OSVDB: 65192 - Freeciv Lua Shell Multiple Functions Arbitrary Command Execution


Created: 03/19/2015 02:37 PM
Updated: 09/20/2021 09:55 AM
Changes: 03/19/2015 02:37 PM (61), 03/03/2017 08:12 AM (10), 09/20/2021 09:51 AM (3), 09/20/2021 09:55 AM (1)
Complete: 🔍


No comments yet. Languages: en.

Please log in to comment.

Do you want to use VulDB in your project?

Use the official API to access entries easily!