Accounting Software Vulnerabilities

Timeline

The analysis of the timeline helps to identify the required approach and handling of single vulnerabilities and vulnerability collections. This overview makes it possible to see less important slices and more severe hotspots at a glance. Initiating immediate vulnerability response and prioritizing of issues is possible.

Vendor

Identifying all affected vendors is a good starting point for an overview. This makes it possible to determine an homogeneous landscape or the most important hotspots in heterogeneous landscapes.

Product

FrontAccounting12
Oracle Insurance Accounting Analyzer4
Accounting Journal Management1
Avnet Aifu Information Cashier Accounting Manageme ...1
SAP ERP Financial Accounting1

Grouping vulnerabilities by products helps to get an overview. This makes it possible to determine an homogeneous landscape or the most important hotspots in heterogeneous landscapes.

Remediation

Official Fix12
Temporary Fix0
Workaround0
Unavailable3
Not Defined15

Vendors and researchers are eager to find countermeasures to mitigate security vulnerabilities. These can be distinguished between multiple forms and levels of remediation which influence risks differently.

Exploitability

High1
Functional0
Proof-of-Concept12
Unproven0
Not Defined17

Researcher and attacker which are looking for security vulnerabilities try to exploit them for academic purposes or personal gain. The level and quality of exploitability can be distinguished to determine simplicity and strength of attacks.

Access Vector

Not Defined0
Physical0
Local1
Adjacent2
Network27

The approach a vulnerability it becomes important to use the expected access vector. This is typically via the network, local, or physically even.

Authentication

Not Defined0
High0
Low11
None19

To exploit a vulnerability a certail level of authentication might be required. Vulnerabilities without such a requirement are much more popular.

User Interaction

Not Defined0
Required7
None23

Some attack scenarios require some user interaction by a victim. This is typical for phishing, social engineering and cross site scripting attacks.

C3BM Index

Our unique C3BM Index (CVSSv3 Base Meta Index) cumulates the CVSSv3 Meta Base Scores of all entries over time. Comparing this index to the amount of disclosed vulnerabilities helps to pinpoint the most important events.

CVSSv3 Base

≤10
≤20
≤30
≤42
≤53
≤64
≤75
≤811
≤93
≤102

The Common Vulnerability Scoring System (CVSS) is an industry standard to define the characteristics and impacts of security vulnerabilities. The base score represents the intrinsic aspects that are constant over time and across user environments. Our unique meta score merges all available scores from different sources to aggregate to the most reliable result.

CVSSv3 Temp

≤10
≤20
≤30
≤43
≤52
≤66
≤712
≤83
≤93
≤101

The Common Vulnerability Scoring System (CVSS) uses temp scores to reflect the characteristics of a vulnerability that may change over time but not across user environments. This includes reporting confidence, exploitability and remediation levels. We do also provide our unique meta score for temp scores, even though other sources rarely publish them.

VulDB

≤10
≤20
≤30
≤44
≤52
≤63
≤75
≤812
≤91
≤103

The moderation team is always defining the base vector and base score for an entry. These and all other available scores are used to generate the meta score.

NVD

≤10
≤20
≤30
≤40
≤51
≤61
≤74
≤83
≤91
≤101

The National Vulnerability Database (NVD) is also defining CVSS vectors and scores. These are usually not complete and might differ from VulDB scores.

CNA

≤10
≤20
≤30
≤40
≤51
≤61
≤70
≤80
≤90
≤100

A CVE Numbering Authority (CNA) is responsible for assigning new CVE entries. They might also include a CVSS score. These are usually not complete and might differ from VulDB scores.

Vendor

≤10
≤20
≤30
≤40
≤50
≤60
≤71
≤81
≤90
≤101

Some vendors are willing to publish their own CVSS vectors and scores for vulnerabilities in their products. The coverage varies from vendor to vendor.

Research

≤10
≤20
≤30
≤40
≤50
≤60
≤70
≤80
≤90
≤100

There are sometimes also security researcher which provide their own CVSS vectors and scores for vulnerabilities they have found and published.

Exploit 0-day

<1k6
<2k2
<5k14
<10k1
<25k5
<50k2
<100k0
≥100k0

The moderation team is working with the threat intelligence team to determine prices for exploits. Our unique algorithm is used to identify the 0-day prices for an exploit, before it got distributed or became public. Calculated prices are aligned to prices disclosed by vulnerability broker and compared to prices we see on exploit markets.

Exploit Today

<1k23
<2k1
<5k4
<10k2
<25k0
<50k0
<100k0
≥100k0

The 0-day prices do not consider time-relevant factors. The today price does reflect price impacts like disclosure of vulnerability details, alternative exploits, availability of countermeasures. These dynamic aspects might decrease the exploit prices over time. Under certain circumstances this happens very fast.

Exploit Market Volume

Our unique calculation of exploit prices makes it possible to forecast the expected exploit market volume. The calculated prices for all possible 0-day expoits are cumulated for this task. Comparing the volume to the amount of disclosed vulnerabilities helps to pinpoint the most important events.

🔴 CTI Activities

Our unique Cyber Threat Intelligence aims to determine the ongoing research of actors to anticipiate their acitivities. Observing exploit markets on the Darknet, discussions of vulnerabilities on mailinglists, and exchanges on social media makes it possible to identify planned attacks. Monitored actors and activities are classified whether they are offensive or defensive. They are also weighted as some actors are well-known for certain products and technologies. And some of their disclosures might contain more or less details about technical aspects and personal context. The world map highlights active actors in real-time.

Affected Products (16): Accounting Journal Management, Accounting Receiving and Inventory Administration ARIA, Amfeix Contract Accounting, Avnet Aifu Information Cashier Accounting Management System, FrontAccounting, Microsoft Peachtree Accounting, NCH Express Accounts Accounting, NeoPost Mail Accounting Software Pro, Oracle Insurance Accounting Analyzer, Oracle Subledger Accounting, OTRS Time Accounting, SAP Contract Accounting, SAP ERP Financial Accounting, Simone Tellini Mod Accounting, Zahir Accounting Enterprise Plus, Zoho Books - Accounting App

PublishedBaseTempVulnerabilityProductExpRemCTICVE
02/24/20223.53.4Accounting Journal Management User List cross site scriptingAccounting Journal ManagementNot DefinedNot Defined0.04CVE-2022-24582
11/17/20214.34.2Avnet Aifu Information Cashier Accounting Management System improper authorizationAifu Information Cashier Accounting Management SystemNot DefinedNot Defined0.03CVE-2021-42337
09/14/20215.95.7SAP ERP Financial Accounting RFOPENPOSTING_FR authorizationERP Financial AccountingNot DefinedOfficial Fix0.05CVE-2021-38164
09/08/20215.55.5Amfeix Contract Accounting noReentrance Privilege EscalationContract AccountingNot DefinedNot Defined0.07CVE-2020-19765
07/26/20213.53.2OTRS Time Accounting Project Crate Screen cross site scriptingTime AccountingProof-of-ConceptOfficial Fix0.03CVE-2021-21442
04/21/20218.17.7Oracle Subledger Accounting Inquiries unknown vulnerabilitySubledger AccountingNot DefinedOfficial Fix0.03CVE-2021-2272
10/28/20204.84.8NeoPost Mail Accounting Software Pro FUS_SCM_BlockStart.php cross site scriptingMail Accounting Software ProNot DefinedNot Defined0.00CVE-2020-27974
10/20/20206.15.8Oracle Insurance Accounting Analyzer IFRS17 cross site scriptingInsurance Accounting AnalyzerNot DefinedOfficial Fix0.00CVE-2020-11022
09/30/20205.15.1FrontAccounting inst_lang.php path traversalFrontAccountingNot DefinedNot Defined0.04CVE-2020-21244
07/15/20206.56.2Oracle Insurance Accounting Analyzer User Interface unknown vulnerabilityInsurance Accounting AnalyzerNot DefinedOfficial Fix0.03CVE-2020-14693

20 more entries are not shown

Interested in the pricing of exploits?

See the underground prices here!