Directory Service Software Vulnerabilities

Timeline

The analysis of the timeline helps to identify the required approach and handling of single vulnerabilities and vulnerability collections. This overview makes it possible to see less important slices and more severe hotspots at a glance. Initiating immediate vulnerability response and prioritizing of issues is possible.

Vendor

Identifying all affected vendors is a good starting point for an overview. This makes it possible to determine an homogeneous landscape or the most important hotspots in heterogeneous landscapes.

Product

OpenLDAP59
Novell eDirectory51
IBM Tivoli Key Lifecycle Manager49
IBM Tivoli Directory Server35
IBM Tivoli Endpoint Manager28

Grouping vulnerabilities by products helps to get an overview. This makes it possible to determine an homogeneous landscape or the most important hotspots in heterogeneous landscapes.

Remediation

Official Fix407
Temporary Fix0
Workaround11
Unavailable8
Not Defined190

Vendors and researchers are eager to find countermeasures to mitigate security vulnerabilities. These can be distinguished between multiple forms and levels of remediation which influence risks differently.

Exploitability

High33
Functional1
Proof-of-Concept111
Unproven35
Not Defined436

Researcher and attacker which are looking for security vulnerabilities try to exploit them for academic purposes or personal gain. The level and quality of exploitability can be distinguished to determine simplicity and strength of attacks.

Access Vector

Not Defined0
Physical0
Local57
Adjacent24
Network535

The approach a vulnerability it becomes important to use the expected access vector. This is typically via the network, local, or physically even.

Authentication

Not Defined0
High11
Low191
None414

To exploit a vulnerability a certail level of authentication might be required. Vulnerabilities without such a requirement are much more popular.

User Interaction

Not Defined0
Required113
None503

Some attack scenarios require some user interaction by a victim. This is typical for phishing, social engineering and cross site scripting attacks.

C3BM Index

Our unique C3BM Index (CVSSv3 Base Meta Index) cumulates the CVSSv3 Meta Base Scores of all entries over time. Comparing this index to the amount of disclosed vulnerabilities helps to pinpoint the most important events.

CVSSv3 Base

≤10
≤20
≤35
≤456
≤599
≤6173
≤784
≤8127
≤931
≤1041

The Common Vulnerability Scoring System (CVSS) is an industry standard to define the characteristics and impacts of security vulnerabilities. The base score represents the intrinsic aspects that are constant over time and across user environments. Our unique meta score merges all available scores from different sources to aggregate to the most reliable result.

CVSSv3 Temp

≤10
≤20
≤38
≤466
≤5135
≤6150
≤7116
≤881
≤939
≤1021

The Common Vulnerability Scoring System (CVSS) uses temp scores to reflect the characteristics of a vulnerability that may change over time but not across user environments. This includes reporting confidence, exploitability and remediation levels. We do also provide our unique meta score for temp scores, even though other sources rarely publish them.

VulDB

≤10
≤20
≤36
≤4101
≤5101
≤6162
≤761
≤8121
≤923
≤1041

The moderation team is always defining the base vector and base score for an entry. These and all other available scores are used to generate the meta score.

NVD

≤10
≤20
≤32
≤49
≤512
≤651
≤735
≤865
≤930
≤1020

The National Vulnerability Database (NVD) is also defining CVSS vectors and scores. These are usually not complete and might differ from VulDB scores.

CNA

≤10
≤20
≤32
≤42
≤56
≤611
≤79
≤83
≤92
≤100

A CVE Numbering Authority (CNA) is responsible for assigning new CVE entries. They might also include a CVSS score. These are usually not complete and might differ from VulDB scores.

Vendor

≤10
≤20
≤30
≤40
≤50
≤61
≤70
≤81
≤92
≤101

Some vendors are willing to publish their own CVSS vectors and scores for vulnerabilities in their products. The coverage varies from vendor to vendor.

Research

≤10
≤20
≤30
≤40
≤50
≤60
≤70
≤80
≤90
≤100

There are sometimes also security researcher which provide their own CVSS vectors and scores for vulnerabilities they have found and published.

Exploit 0-day

<1k44
<2k54
<5k116
<10k186
<25k149
<50k65
<100k0
≥100k2

The moderation team is working with the threat intelligence team to determine prices for exploits. Our unique algorithm is used to identify the 0-day prices for an exploit, before it got distributed or became public. Calculated prices are aligned to prices disclosed by vulnerability broker and compared to prices we see on exploit markets.

Exploit Today

<1k445
<2k21
<5k76
<10k50
<25k24
<50k0
<100k0
≥100k0

The 0-day prices do not consider time-relevant factors. The today price does reflect price impacts like disclosure of vulnerability details, alternative exploits, availability of countermeasures. These dynamic aspects might decrease the exploit prices over time. Under certain circumstances this happens very fast.

Exploit Market Volume

Our unique calculation of exploit prices makes it possible to forecast the expected exploit market volume. The calculated prices for all possible 0-day expoits are cumulated for this task. Comparing the volume to the amount of disclosed vulnerabilities helps to pinpoint the most important events.

🔴 CTI Activities

Our unique Cyber Threat Intelligence aims to determine the ongoing research of actors to anticipiate their acitivities. Observing exploit markets on the Darknet, discussions of vulnerabilities on mailinglists, and exchanges on social media makes it possible to identify planned attacks. Monitored actors and activities are classified whether they are offensive or defensive. They are also weighted as some actors are well-known for certain products and technologies. And some of their disclosures might contain more or less details about technical aspects and personal context. The world map highlights active actors in real-time.

Affected Products (140): 389 Directory Server, 389 Directory Server, ad-ldap-connector, aldap, Alpha Centauri Software SIDVault LDAP Server, Apache Directory LDAP API, Apache Directory Studio, Apache LDAP API, Apache LDAP Studio, Arthurdejong nss-pam-ldapd, Audioarticledirectory Audio Article Directory, CA Directory, Critical Path Injoin Directory Server, Debian nss-ldap, Debian OpenLDAP, eDirectory, Fedora 389 Directory Server, Freedirectoryscript Free Directory Script, FreeIPA, Groovy LDAP API, Harmistechnology Com Jedirectory, Hitachi Hitachi Directory Server 2, HP Hpsi Active Directory Bidirectional Ldap Connector, HP HPSI eDirectory Connector, HP LDAP-UX, IBM Change, IBM Configuration Management Database, IBM IBM Tivoli Netcool, IBM Impact, IBM Jazz for Service Management, IBM Maximo Asset Management, IBM Maximo Industry Solutions, IBM OMNIbus, IBM OMNIbus_GUI, IBM Rational Directory Server, IBM Reporter, IBM SAML-based Single Sign-On, IBM Security Directory Server, IBM Tivoli, IBM Tivoli Application Dependency Discovery Manager, IBM Tivoli Business Service Manager, IBM Tivoli Business Systems Manager, IBM Tivoli Common Reporting, IBM Tivoli Composite Application Manager For Transactions, IBM Tivoli Composite Application Manager For Wesbsphere, IBM Tivoli Continuous Data Protection For Files, IBM Tivoli_continuous_data_protection_for_files, IBM Tivoli Directory Server, ibm Tivoli Directory Server, IBM Tivoli Endpoint Manager, IBM Tivoli Endpoint Manager MDM, IBM Tivoli Federated Identity Manager, IBM Tivoli Federated Identity Manager Business Gateway, IBM Tivoli Firewall Toolbox, IBM Tivoli Identity Manager, IBM Tivoli Identity Manager Adapter, IBM Tivoli Integrated Portal, IBM Tivoli IT Asset Management for IT, IBM Tivoli Key Lifecycle Manager, IBM Tivoli Lightweight Infrastructure, IBM Tivoli Management Framework, IBM Tivoli Monitoring, IBM Tivoli Monitoring Agent, IBM Tivoli Monitoring Express, IBM Tivoli Monitoring Portal, IBM Tivoli Monitoring Service, IBM Tivoli Netcool, IBM Tivoli Netcool Impact, IBM Tivoli Netcool Security Manager, IBM Tivoli Netcool System Service Monitors, IBM Tivoli Netcool Webtop, IBM Tivoli Netview, IBM Tivoli Netview Services, IBM Tivoli OMEGAMON XE, IBM Tivoli OPC Tracker Agent, IBM Tivoli Provisioning Manager, IBM Tivoli Provisioning Manager Express, IBM Tivoli Provisioning Manager Express for Software Distribution, IBM Tivoli Provisioning Manager Os Deployment, IBM Tivoli Secureway Policy Director, IBM Tivoli Security Directory Server, IBM Tivoli Service Desk, IBM Tivoli Service Request Manager, IBM Tivoli Workload Scheduler, Keyvan1.com EDirectoryPro, ldap.v2, LDAP, Ldap-account-manager LDAP Account Manager, ldapauth-fork, ldapdiff, ldapscripts, Ldaptive, LDAP Account Manager, LDAP Account Manager Pro, LDAP Email Plugin, LDAP SSO Authentication, lemonldap-ng, LemonLDAP::NG, Martin Nagy bind-dyndb-ldap, Microfocus NetIQ eDirectory, Microsoft Active Directory Federation Services, Microsoft ADAL.NET, Microsoft ADAM, Microsoft NuGet, mod_auth_ldap, mod_auth_ldap2, net-ldap gem, NetIQ eDirectory, NetIQ eDirectory, NetIQ eDirectory PKI Plugin, Netscape Certificate Server, Netscape Directory Server, Netwin Surgeldap, Novell eDirectory, Nss Ldap, OpenLDAP, openldap, openldap-servers, openldap2, Oracle Directory Server Enterprise Edition, Oracle Unified Directory, Padl PAM LDAP, Padl pam_ldap, Padl Software nss_ldap, pam_ldap, Pete Werner login_ldap, Pivotal Spring-LDAP, Red Hat 389 Directory Server, Red Hat Directory Server, Red Hat Fedora Directory Server, Red Hat FreeIPA, Roland Gruber Softwareentwicklung LDAP Account Manager, Simple LDAP Plugin, Sun iPlanet Directory Server, Sun Java System Directory Server, Sun ONE, Sun ONE Directory Server, Sun One Directory Server, UnboundID LDAP SDK, web2ldap

PublishedBaseTempVulnerabilityProductExpRemCTICVE
11/09/20228.07.8openldap2 untrusted search pathopenldap2Not DefinedOfficial Fix0.04CVE-2022-31253
07/18/20226.56.5lemonldap-ng x.509 Certificate NG certificate validationlemonldap-ngNot DefinedNot Defined0.07CVE-2020-16093
07/18/20228.08.0lemonldap-ng RESTServer Plug-in NG improper authenticationlemonldap-ngNot DefinedNot Defined0.05CVE-2021-40874
06/28/20226.16.0LDAP Account Manager Login injectionLDAP Account ManagerNot DefinedOfficial Fix0.04CVE-2022-31088
06/28/20227.67.5LDAP Account Manager argument injectionLDAP Account ManagerNot DefinedOfficial Fix0.05CVE-2022-31084
06/28/20227.87.7LDAP Account Manager injectionLDAP Account ManagerNot DefinedOfficial Fix0.05CVE-2022-31087
06/28/20227.37.2LDAP Account Manager pdf injectionLDAP Account ManagerNot DefinedOfficial Fix0.08CVE-2022-31086
06/28/20225.04.9LDAP Account Manager PHP OpenSSL Extension missing encryptionLDAP Account ManagerNot DefinedOfficial Fix0.00CVE-2022-31085
05/05/20226.36.0OpenLDAP Backend sql injectionOpenLDAPNot DefinedOfficial Fix0.04CVE-2022-29155
04/15/20226.26.1Roland Gruber Softwareentwicklung LDAP Account Manager Profile Editor Tool path traversalLDAP Account ManagerNot DefinedOfficial Fix0.02CVE-2022-24851
03/24/20225.55.5389 Directory Server Expired Password improper authenticationDirectory ServerNot DefinedNot Defined0.05CVE-2022-0996
03/16/20225.35.3Red Hat 389 Directory Server LDAP Service denial of service389 Directory ServerNot DefinedNot Defined0.03CVE-2022-0918
11/24/20213.63.5IBM Tivoli Key Lifecycle Manager information exposureTivoli Key Lifecycle ManagerNot DefinedOfficial Fix0.04CVE-2021-38980
11/17/20215.35.3IBM Tivoli Key Lifecycle Manager cleartext storageTivoli Key Lifecycle ManagerNot DefinedOfficial Fix0.07CVE-2021-38976
11/17/20215.04.9IBM Tivoli Key Lifecycle Manager inadequate encryptionTivoli Key Lifecycle ManagerNot DefinedOfficial Fix0.05CVE-2021-38984
11/17/20215.25.2IBM Tivoli Key Lifecycle Manager inadequate encryptionTivoli Key Lifecycle ManagerNot DefinedOfficial Fix0.04CVE-2021-38983
11/17/20215.25.2IBM Tivoli Key Lifecycle Manager inadequate encryptionTivoli Key Lifecycle ManagerNot DefinedOfficial Fix0.02CVE-2021-38979
11/17/20213.73.7IBM Tivoli Key Lifecycle Manager Authorization Token cleartext transmissionTivoli Key Lifecycle ManagerNot DefinedOfficial Fix0.04CVE-2021-38977
11/17/20215.05.0IBM Tivoli Key Lifecycle Manager HTTP Request information disclosureTivoli Key Lifecycle ManagerNot DefinedOfficial Fix0.00CVE-2021-38975
11/17/20215.45.3IBM Tivoli Key Lifecycle Manager HTTP Request denial of serviceTivoli Key Lifecycle ManagerNot DefinedOfficial Fix0.00CVE-2021-38974
11/17/20214.84.7IBM Tivoli Key Lifecycle Manager Web UI cross site scriptingTivoli Key Lifecycle ManagerNot DefinedOfficial Fix0.00CVE-2021-38982
11/17/20215.35.2IBM Tivoli Key Lifecycle Manager information exposureTivoli Key Lifecycle ManagerNot DefinedOfficial Fix0.02CVE-2021-38981
11/17/20215.25.1IBM Tivoli Key Lifecycle Manager information disclosureTivoli Key Lifecycle ManagerNot DefinedOfficial Fix0.03CVE-2021-38978
11/12/20214.34.2IBM Tivoli Key Lifecycle Manager input validationTivoli Key Lifecycle ManagerNot DefinedOfficial Fix0.03CVE-2021-38985
11/12/20212.62.5IBM Tivoli Key Lifecycle Manager input validationTivoli Key Lifecycle ManagerNot DefinedOfficial Fix0.00CVE-2021-38973

591 more entries are not shown

Interested in the pricing of exploits?

See the underground prices here!