Middleware Vulnerabilities

Timeline

The analysis of the timeline helps to identify the required approach and handling of single vulnerabilities and vulnerability collections. This overview makes it possible to see less important slices and more severe hotspots at a glance. Initiating immediate vulnerability response and prioritizing of issues is possible.

Vendor

Oracle201
Not Defined14

Identifying all affected vendors is a good starting point for an overview. This makes it possible to determine an homogeneous landscape or the most important hotspots in heterogeneous landscapes.

Product

Oracle Fusion Middleware181
Oracle Fusion Middleware MapViewer20
Amazon Web Services FreeRTOS11
FreeRTOS11
WITTENSTEIN WHIS Connect Middleware11

Grouping vulnerabilities by products helps to get an overview. This makes it possible to determine an homogeneous landscape or the most important hotspots in heterogeneous landscapes.

Remediation

Official Fix147
Temporary Fix0
Workaround0
Unavailable0
Not Defined68

Vendors and researchers are eager to find countermeasures to mitigate security vulnerabilities. These can be distinguished between multiple forms and levels of remediation which influence risks differently.

Exploitability

High3
Functional1
Proof-of-Concept18
Unproven17
Not Defined176

Researcher and attacker which are looking for security vulnerabilities try to exploit them for academic purposes or personal gain. The level and quality of exploitability can be distinguished to determine simplicity and strength of attacks.

Access Vector

Not Defined0
Physical0
Local35
Adjacent0
Network180

The approach a vulnerability it becomes important to use the expected access vector. This is typically via the network, local, or physically even.

Authentication

Not Defined0
High0
Low45
None170

To exploit a vulnerability a certail level of authentication might be required. Vulnerabilities without such a requirement are much more popular.

User Interaction

Not Defined0
Required18
None197

Some attack scenarios require some user interaction by a victim. This is typical for phishing, social engineering and cross site scripting attacks.

C3BM Index

Our unique C3BM Index (CVSSv3 Base Meta Index) cumulates the CVSSv3 Meta Base Scores of all entries over time. Comparing this index to the amount of disclosed vulnerabilities helps to pinpoint the most important events.

CVSSv3 Base

≤10
≤20
≤31
≤434
≤530
≤677
≤727
≤823
≤99
≤1014

The Common Vulnerability Scoring System (CVSS) is an industry standard to define the characteristics and impacts of security vulnerabilities. The base score represents the intrinsic aspects that are constant over time and across user environments. Our unique meta score merges all available scores from different sources to aggregate to the most reliable result.

CVSSv3 Temp

≤10
≤20
≤34
≤433
≤540
≤679
≤724
≤815
≤99
≤1011

The Common Vulnerability Scoring System (CVSS) uses temp scores to reflect the characteristics of a vulnerability that may change over time but not across user environments. This includes reporting confidence, exploitability and remediation levels. We do also provide our unique meta score for temp scores, even though other sources rarely publish them.

VulDB

≤10
≤20
≤31
≤438
≤528
≤679
≤720
≤830
≤96
≤1013

The moderation team is always defining the base vector and base score for an entry. These and all other available scores are used to generate the meta score.

NVD

≤10
≤20
≤30
≤41
≤51
≤611
≤77
≤87
≤96
≤1013

The National Vulnerability Database (NVD) is also defining CVSS vectors and scores. These are usually not complete and might differ from VulDB scores.

CNA

≤10
≤20
≤30
≤40
≤50
≤60
≤70
≤80
≤91
≤100

A CVE Numbering Authority (CNA) is responsible for assigning new CVE entries. They might also include a CVSS score. These are usually not complete and might differ from VulDB scores.

Vendor

≤10
≤20
≤30
≤41
≤50
≤62
≤76
≤82
≤93
≤109

Some vendors are willing to publish their own CVSS vectors and scores for vulnerabilities in their products. The coverage varies from vendor to vendor.

Research

≤10
≤20
≤30
≤40
≤50
≤60
≤70
≤80
≤90
≤100

There are sometimes also security researcher which provide their own CVSS vectors and scores for vulnerabilities they have found and published.

Exploit 0-day

<1k1
<2k2
<5k17
<10k69
<25k84
<50k37
<100k4
≥100k1

The moderation team is working with the threat intelligence team to determine prices for exploits. Our unique algorithm is used to identify the 0-day prices for an exploit, before it got distributed or became public. Calculated prices are aligned to prices disclosed by vulnerability broker and compared to prices we see on exploit markets.

Exploit Today

<1k137
<2k10
<5k17
<10k23
<25k28
<50k0
<100k0
≥100k0

The 0-day prices do not consider time-relevant factors. The today price does reflect price impacts like disclosure of vulnerability details, alternative exploits, availability of countermeasures. These dynamic aspects might decrease the exploit prices over time. Under certain circumstances this happens very fast.

Exploit Market Volume

Our unique calculation of exploit prices makes it possible to forecast the expected exploit market volume. The calculated prices for all possible 0-day expoits are cumulated for this task. Comparing the volume to the amount of disclosed vulnerabilities helps to pinpoint the most important events.

🔴 CTI Activities

Our unique Cyber Threat Intelligence aims to determine the ongoing research of actors to anticipiate their acitivities. Observing exploit markets on the Darknet, discussions of vulnerabilities on mailinglists, and exchanges on social media makes it possible to identify planned attacks. Monitored actors and activities are classified whether they are offensive or defensive. They are also weighted as some actors are well-known for certain products and technologies. And some of their disclosures might contain more or less details about technical aspects and personal context. The world map highlights active actors in real-time.

Affected Products (12): Amazon Web Services FreeRTOS, express-mock-middleware, FreeRTOS, graphql-playground-html, graphql-playground-middleware-express, graphql-playground-middleware-hapi, graphql-playground-middleware-koa, graphql-playground-middleware-lambda, Oracle Fusion Middleware, Oracle Fusion Middleware MapViewer, python-oslo-middleware, WITTENSTEIN WHIS Connect Middleware

PublishedBaseTempVulnerabilityProdExpRemCTICVE
07/20/20216.76.4Oracle Fusion Middleware MapViewer Apache Batik input validationFusion Middleware MapViewerNot DefinedOfficial Fix0.05CVE-2020-11987
04/21/20216.15.8Oracle Fusion Middleware MapViewer Install cross site scriptingFusion Middleware MapViewerNot DefinedOfficial Fix0.03CVE-2020-11022
04/21/20217.37.0Oracle Fusion Middleware Centralized Thirdparty Jars deserializationFusion MiddlewareNot DefinedOfficial Fix0.07CVE-2019-10086
04/21/20217.57.2Oracle Fusion Middleware MapViewer Install server-side request forgeryFusion Middleware MapViewerNot DefinedOfficial Fix0.05CVE-2019-17566
04/21/20217.77.3Oracle Fusion Middleware Centralized Thirdparty Jars Privilege EscalationFusion MiddlewareNot DefinedOfficial Fix0.07CVE-2020-5421
04/21/20219.89.4Oracle Fusion Middleware Centralized Thirdparty Jars xml external entity referenceFusion MiddlewareNot DefinedOfficial Fix0.05CVE-2020-10683
01/20/20217.37.0Oracle Fusion Middleware MapViewer Install deserializationFusion Middleware MapViewerNot DefinedOfficial Fix0.02CVE-2019-10086
01/19/20214.84.7Oracle Fusion Middleware MapViewer Install path traversalFusion Middleware MapViewerNot DefinedOfficial Fix0.12CVE-2021-29425
01/19/20218.38.1Oracle Fusion Middleware Centralized Third-party Jars Remote Code ExecutionFusion MiddlewareNot DefinedOfficial Fix0.00CVE-2021-2351
07/15/20203.73.6Oracle Fusion Middleware MapViewer Install certificate validationFusion Middleware MapViewerNot DefinedOfficial Fix0.06CVE-2020-9488
07/15/20206.15.8Oracle Fusion Middleware MapViewer Tile Server cross site scriptingFusion Middleware MapViewerNot DefinedOfficial Fix0.05CVE-2020-14607
07/15/20208.27.8Oracle Fusion Middleware MapViewer Tile Server unknown vulnerabilityFusion Middleware MapViewerNot DefinedOfficial Fix0.03CVE-2020-14608
06/08/20206.05.3graphql-playground-html renderPlaygroundPage Reflected cross site scriptinggraphql-playground-html/graphql-playground-middleware-express/graphql-playground-middleware-koa/graphql-playground-middleware-lambda/graphql-playground-middleware-hapiNot DefinedOfficial Fix0.08CVE-2020-4038
04/15/20206.15.8Oracle Fusion Middleware MapViewer Install cross site scriptingFusion Middleware MapViewerNot DefinedOfficial Fix0.04CVE-2019-11358
04/15/20209.89.4Oracle Fusion Middleware MapViewer Install xml external entity referenceFusion Middleware MapViewerNot DefinedOfficial Fix0.08CVE-2019-13990
04/07/20206.36.3express-mock-middleware input validationexpress-mock-middlewareNot DefinedNot Defined0.03CVE-2020-7616
06/18/20199.08.6Oracle Fusion Middleware WebLogic Server access controlFusion MiddlewareNot DefinedOfficial Fix0.00CVE-2019-2729
04/26/20199.89.8Oracle Fusion Middleware WebLogic Server access controlFusion MiddlewareHighNot Defined0.07CVE-2019-2725
04/16/20196.15.8Oracle Fusion Middleware MapViewer Install Local Privilege EscalationFusion Middleware MapViewerNot DefinedOfficial Fix0.04CVE-2015-9251
01/16/20199.89.4Oracle Fusion Middleware MapViewer Freeimage access controlFusion Middleware MapViewerNot DefinedOfficial Fix0.07CVE-2016-1000031
12/06/20186.65.8Amazon Web Services FreeRTOS xProcessReceivedTCPPacket information disclosureAmazon Web Services FreeRTOS/FreeRTOS/WITTENSTEIN WHIS Connect MiddlewareNot DefinedOfficial Fix0.05CVE-2018-16603
12/06/20186.65.8Amazon Web Services FreeRTOS DHCP Response information disclosureAmazon Web Services FreeRTOS/FreeRTOS/WITTENSTEIN WHIS Connect MiddlewareNot DefinedOfficial Fix0.04CVE-2018-16602
12/06/20186.86.0Amazon Web Services FreeRTOS IP Header prvProcessIPPacket integer underflowAmazon Web Services FreeRTOS/FreeRTOS/WITTENSTEIN WHIS Connect MiddlewareNot DefinedOfficial Fix0.00CVE-2018-16601
12/06/20185.75.0Amazon Web Services FreeRTOS ARP Packet eARPProcessPacket information disclosureAmazon Web Services FreeRTOS/FreeRTOS/WITTENSTEIN WHIS Connect MiddlewareNot DefinedOfficial Fix0.00CVE-2018-16600
12/06/20185.75.0Amazon Web Services FreeRTOS NBNS Packet prvTreatNBNS information disclosureAmazon Web Services FreeRTOS/FreeRTOS/WITTENSTEIN WHIS Connect MiddlewareNot DefinedOfficial Fix0.00CVE-2018-16599

190 more entries are not shown

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