Network Authentication Software Vulnerabilities

Timeline

The analysis of the timeline helps to identify the required approach and handling of single vulnerabilities and vulnerability collections. This overview makes it possible to see less important slices and more severe hotspots at a glance. Initiating immediate vulnerability response and prioritizing of issues is possible.

Vendor

Identifying all affected vendors is a good starting point for an overview. This makes it possible to determine an homogeneous landscape or the most important hotspots in heterogeneous landscapes.

Product

MIT Kerberos123
FreeRADIUS36
IBM Security Access Manager30
IBM Security Access Manager Appliance19
IBM Security Access Manager for Web17

Grouping vulnerabilities by products helps to get an overview. This makes it possible to determine an homogeneous landscape or the most important hotspots in heterogeneous landscapes.

Remediation

Official Fix184
Temporary Fix0
Workaround0
Unavailable1
Not Defined96

Vendors and researchers are eager to find countermeasures to mitigate security vulnerabilities. These can be distinguished between multiple forms and levels of remediation which influence risks differently.

Exploitability

High4
Functional0
Proof-of-Concept54
Unproven25
Not Defined198

Researcher and attacker which are looking for security vulnerabilities try to exploit them for academic purposes or personal gain. The level and quality of exploitability can be distinguished to determine simplicity and strength of attacks.

Access Vector

Not Defined0
Physical0
Local20
Adjacent7
Network254

The approach a vulnerability it becomes important to use the expected access vector. This is typically via the network, local, or physically even.

Authentication

Not Defined0
High4
Low77
None200

To exploit a vulnerability a certail level of authentication might be required. Vulnerabilities without such a requirement are much more popular.

User Interaction

Not Defined0
Required18
None263

Some attack scenarios require some user interaction by a victim. This is typical for phishing, social engineering and cross site scripting attacks.

C3BM Index

Our unique C3BM Index (CVSSv3 Base Meta Index) cumulates the CVSSv3 Meta Base Scores of all entries over time. Comparing this index to the amount of disclosed vulnerabilities helps to pinpoint the most important events.

CVSSv3 Base

≤10
≤20
≤30
≤412
≤537
≤675
≤741
≤865
≤914
≤1037

The Common Vulnerability Scoring System (CVSS) is an industry standard to define the characteristics and impacts of security vulnerabilities. The base score represents the intrinsic aspects that are constant over time and across user environments. Our unique meta score merges all available scores from different sources to aggregate to the most reliable result.

CVSSv3 Temp

≤10
≤20
≤31
≤415
≤549
≤668
≤770
≤834
≤933
≤1011

The Common Vulnerability Scoring System (CVSS) uses temp scores to reflect the characteristics of a vulnerability that may change over time but not across user environments. This includes reporting confidence, exploitability and remediation levels. We do also provide our unique meta score for temp scores, even though other sources rarely publish them.

VulDB

≤10
≤20
≤30
≤421
≤540
≤674
≤731
≤869
≤910
≤1036

The moderation team is always defining the base vector and base score for an entry. These and all other available scores are used to generate the meta score.

NVD

≤10
≤20
≤31
≤48
≤56
≤619
≤722
≤826
≤97
≤1010

The National Vulnerability Database (NVD) is also defining CVSS vectors and scores. These are usually not complete and might differ from VulDB scores.

CNA

≤10
≤20
≤30
≤40
≤50
≤62
≤71
≤80
≤90
≤100

A CVE Numbering Authority (CNA) is responsible for assigning new CVE entries. They might also include a CVSS score. These are usually not complete and might differ from VulDB scores.

Vendor

≤10
≤20
≤30
≤40
≤50
≤61
≤70
≤80
≤90
≤100

Some vendors are willing to publish their own CVSS vectors and scores for vulnerabilities in their products. The coverage varies from vendor to vendor.

Research

≤10
≤20
≤30
≤40
≤50
≤60
≤70
≤80
≤90
≤100

There are sometimes also security researcher which provide their own CVSS vectors and scores for vulnerabilities they have found and published.

Exploit 0-day

<1k17
<2k9
<5k42
<10k75
<25k91
<50k46
<100k1
≥100k0

The moderation team is working with the threat intelligence team to determine prices for exploits. Our unique algorithm is used to identify the 0-day prices for an exploit, before it got distributed or became public. Calculated prices are aligned to prices disclosed by vulnerability broker and compared to prices we see on exploit markets.

Exploit Today

<1k176
<2k11
<5k35
<10k35
<25k24
<50k0
<100k0
≥100k0

The 0-day prices do not consider time-relevant factors. The today price does reflect price impacts like disclosure of vulnerability details, alternative exploits, availability of countermeasures. These dynamic aspects might decrease the exploit prices over time. Under certain circumstances this happens very fast.

Exploit Market Volume

Our unique calculation of exploit prices makes it possible to forecast the expected exploit market volume. The calculated prices for all possible 0-day expoits are cumulated for this task. Comparing the volume to the amount of disclosed vulnerabilities helps to pinpoint the most important events.

🔴 CTI Activities

Our unique Cyber Threat Intelligence aims to determine the ongoing research of actors to anticipiate their acitivities. Observing exploit markets on the Darknet, discussions of vulnerabilities on mailinglists, and exchanges on social media makes it possible to identify planned attacks. Monitored actors and activities are classified whether they are offensive or defensive. They are also weighted as some actors are well-known for certain products and technologies. And some of their disclosures might contain more or less details about technical aspects and personal context. The world map highlights active actors in real-time.

Affected Products (18): FreeRADIUS, freeradius, freeRADIUS, FreeRadius, GNU FreeRADIUS, IBM Security Access Manager, IBM Security Access Manager Appliance, IBM Security Access Manager for Enterprise Single Sign-On, IBM Security Access Manager for Mobile, IBM Security Access Manager For Mobile Software, IBM Security Access Manager for Web, IBM Security Access Manager For Web, IBM Security Access Manager For Web 8.0, IBM Security Access Manager For Web Appliance, IBM Security Verify Access, IBM Security Verify Access Docker, MIT Kerberos, MIT Kerberos 5

PublishedBaseTempVulnerabilityProductExpRemCTICVE
07/09/20226.86.7IBM Security Access Manager Appliance Permissions permissionSecurity Access Manager ApplianceNot DefinedOfficial Fix0.03CVE-2022-22465
07/09/20225.75.7IBM Security Access Manager Appliance inadequate encryptionSecurity Access Manager ApplianceNot DefinedOfficial Fix0.03CVE-2022-22464
07/09/20225.55.5IBM Security Access Manager Appliance sql injectionSecurity Access Manager ApplianceNot DefinedOfficial Fix0.04CVE-2022-22463
08/23/20213.53.4MIT Kerberos 5 Key Distribution Center do_tgs_req.c null pointer dereferenceKerberos 5Not DefinedOfficial Fix0.02CVE-2021-37750
07/23/20214.34.1MIT Kerberos 5 Key Distribution Center kdc_preauth_ec.c ec_verify null pointer dereferenceKerberos 5Not DefinedOfficial Fix0.03CVE-2021-36222
07/16/20215.35.1IBM Security Access Manager cleartext storageSecurity Access Manager/Security Verify Access DockerNot DefinedOfficial Fix0.04CVE-2021-20439
11/06/20205.55.3MIT Kerberos 5 ASN.1 asn1_encode.c recursionKerberos 5Not DefinedOfficial Fix0.04CVE-2020-28196
10/15/20208.58.5IBM Security Access Manager/Security Verify Access improper authenticationSecurity Access Manager/Security Verify AccessNot DefinedNot Defined0.04CVE-2020-4499
10/15/20206.26.2IBM Security Access Manager/Security Verify Access response splittingSecurity Access Manager/Security Verify AccessNot DefinedNot Defined0.07CVE-2019-4552
10/15/20204.24.2IBM Security Access Manager Appliance session expirationSecurity Access Manager ApplianceNot DefinedNot Defined0.04CVE-2020-4395
10/12/20204.84.8IBM Security Access Manager/Security Verify Access information exposureSecurity Access Manager/Security Verify AccessNot DefinedNot Defined0.00CVE-2020-4699
10/12/20204.84.8IBM Security Access Manager/Security Verify Access information exposureSecurity Access Manager/Security Verify AccessNot DefinedNot Defined0.07CVE-2020-4661
10/12/20204.84.8IBM Security Access Manager/Security Verify Access Access Manager information exposureSecurity Access Manager/Security Verify AccessNot DefinedNot Defined0.00CVE-2020-4660
10/06/20204.84.8IBM Security Access Manager Appliance Web UI cross site scriptingSecurity Access Manager ApplianceNot DefinedNot Defined0.03CVE-2019-4725
05/20/20206.46.4IBM Security Access Manager Appliance input validationSecurity Access Manager ApplianceNot DefinedNot Defined0.03CVE-2020-4461
03/21/20206.45.6FreeRADIUS EAP-PWD Module input validationFreeRADIUSNot DefinedOfficial Fix0.04CVE-2019-17185
03/18/20203.13.0FreeRADIUS EAP-PWD eap_pwd.c Password information disclosureFreeRADIUSNot DefinedOfficial Fix0.04CVE-2019-20510
01/28/20206.76.7IBM Security Access Manager Appliance XML Data xml external entity referenceSecurity Access Manager ApplianceNot DefinedNot Defined0.03CVE-2019-4707
12/03/20195.45.4FreeRADIUS EAP-pwd Handshake information disclosureFreeRADIUSNot DefinedNot Defined0.05CVE-2019-13456
10/25/20196.46.4IBM Security Access Manager Appliance Reverse Proxy input validationSecurity Access Manager ApplianceNot DefinedNot Defined0.04CVE-2019-4036
08/26/20197.77.7IBM Security Access Manager for Enterprise Single Sign-On XML Data xml external entity referenceSecurity Access Manager for Enterprise Single Sign-OnNot DefinedNot Defined0.03CVE-2019-4513
06/25/20195.95.9IBM Security Access Manager access controlSecurity Access ManagerNot DefinedNot Defined0.06CVE-2019-4158
06/25/20195.25.2IBM Security Access Manager Web UI cross site scriptingSecurity Access ManagerNot DefinedNot Defined0.09CVE-2019-4157
06/25/20195.75.7IBM Security Access Manager information disclosureSecurity Access ManagerNot DefinedNot Defined0.06CVE-2019-4156
06/25/20195.55.5IBM Security Access Manager redirectSecurity Access ManagerNot DefinedNot Defined0.08CVE-2019-4153

256 more entries are not shown

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