LibTomCrypt up to 1.18.2 UTF-8 der_decode_utf8_string.c der_decode_utf8_string out-of-bounds

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A vulnerability, which was classified as critical, was found in LibTomCrypt up to 1.18.2. This affects the function der_decode_utf8_string of the file der_decode_utf8_string.c of the component UTF-8 Handler. The manipulation with an unknown input leads to a out-of-bounds vulnerability. CWE is classifying the issue as CWE-125. The product reads data past the end, or before the beginning, of the intended buffer. This is going to have an impact on confidentiality, integrity, and availability. The summary by CVE is:

In LibTomCrypt through 1.18.2, the der_decode_utf8_string function (in der_decode_utf8_string.c) does not properly detect certain invalid UTF-8 sequences. This allows context-dependent attackers to cause a denial of service (out-of-bounds read and crash) or read information from other memory locations via carefully crafted DER-encoded data.

The weakness was published 10/03/2019 by Luigi Coniglio (werew) as confirmed bug report (GitHub Repository). It is possible to read the advisory at This vulnerability is uniquely identified as CVE-2019-17362 since 10/09/2019. It is possible to initiate the attack remotely. No form of authentication is needed for exploitation. Technical details and a public exploit are known. The reason for this vulnerability is this part of code:

/* proceed to decode */
for (y = 0; x < inlen; ) {
  /* get first byte */
  tmp = in[x++];

  /* count number of bytes */
  for (z = 0; (tmp & 0x80) && (z <= 4); z++, tmp = (tmp << 1) & 0xFF);

  if (z > 4 || (x + (z - 1) > inlen)) {

  /* decode, grab upper bits */
  tmp >>= z;

  /* grab remaining bytes */
  if (z > 1) { --z; }
  while (z-- != 0) {
	 if ((in[x] & 0xC0) != 0x80) {
	 tmp = (tmp << 6) | ((wchar_t)in[x++] & 0x3F);

  if (y < *outlen) {
	 out[y] = tmp;

A public exploit has been developed by Luigi Coniglio (werew) and been published immediately after the advisory. The exploit is shared for download at It is declared as proof-of-concept. The code used by the exploit is:

char *poc1 = "\x30\x04"                  // Start DER-sequence of length 4
             "\x0c\x02\xbf\xbf"          // Start UTF8 string of actual length 2 and evaluated length 3
             "\xaa"                      // One byte padding
             "\x30\x84\xff\xff\xff\xff"; // Start DER-sequence of length 0xffffffff (will very likely cause a crash)

Applying a patch is able to eliminate this problem. The bugfix is ready for download at

Similar entries are available at VDB-77059, VDB-77060, VDB-82792 and VDB-118970.




CPE 2.3info

CPE 2.2info


VulDB CVSS-B Score: 🔍
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VulDB Meta Base Score: 8.2
VulDB Meta Temp Score: 7.8

VulDB Base Score: 7.3
VulDB Temp Score: 6.6
VulDB Vector: 🔍
VulDB Reliability: 🔍

NVD Base Score: 9.1
NVD Vector: 🔍



VulDB Base Score: 🔍
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Class: Out-of-bounds
CWE: CWE-125 / CWE-119

Local: No
Remote: Yes

Availability: 🔍
Access: Public
Status: Proof-of-Concept
Author: Luigi Coniglio (werew)
Download: 🔍

EPSS Score: 🔍
EPSS Percentile: 🔍

Price Prediction: 🔍
Current Price Estimation: 🔍


Threat Intelligenceinfo

Interest: 🔍
Active Actors: 🔍
Active APT Groups: 🔍


Recommended: Patch
Status: 🔍

0-Day Time: 🔍
Exploit Delay Time: 🔍



10/03/2019 🔍
10/03/2019 +0 days 🔍
10/08/2019 +5 days 🔍
10/09/2019 +1 days 🔍
01/03/2024 +1547 days 🔍


Advisory: 507
Researcher: Luigi Coniglio (werew)
Status: Confirmed

CVE: CVE-2019-17362 (🔍)
scip Labs:
See also: 🔍


Created: 10/08/2019 03:47 PM
Updated: 01/03/2024 07:06 PM
Changes: 10/08/2019 03:47 PM (66), 10/09/2019 01:55 PM (2), 09/28/2020 06:41 AM (1), 01/03/2024 06:59 PM (4), 01/03/2024 07:06 PM (1)
Complete: 🔍
Submitter: werew
Committer: werew
Cache ID: 3:617:40



  • Submit #92: Out-of-bounds read in LibTomCrypt 1.18.2 and earlier versions (by werew)


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