Nextcloud Vulnerabilities

Timeline

The analysis of the timeline helps to identify the required approach and handling of single vulnerabilities and vulnerability collections. This overview makes it possible to see less important slices and more severe hotspots at a glance. Initiating immediate vulnerability response and prioritizing of issues is possible.

Type

The moderation team is working with the threat intelligence team to categorize software that is affected by security vulnerabilities. This helps to illustrate the assignment of these categories to determine the most affected software types.

Product

Nextcloud Server92
Nextcloud Enterprise Server26
Nextcloud Desktop Client18
Nextcloud Talk17
Nextcloud App16

Grouping vulnerabilities by products helps to get an overview. This makes it possible to determine an homogeneous landscape or the most important hotspots in heterogeneous landscapes.

Remediation

Official Fix205
Temporary Fix0
Workaround0
Unavailable0
Not Defined17

Vendors and researchers are eager to find countermeasures to mitigate security vulnerabilities. These can be distinguished between multiple forms and levels of remediation which influence risks differently.

Exploitability

High0
Functional0
Proof-of-Concept0
Unproven0
Not Defined222

Researcher and attacker which are looking for security vulnerabilities try to exploit them for academic purposes or personal gain. The level and quality of exploitability can be distinguished to determine simplicity and strength of attacks.

Access Vector

Not Defined0
Physical14
Local21
Adjacent11
Network176

The approach a vulnerability it becomes important to use the expected access vector. This is typically via the network, local, or physically even.

Authentication

Not Defined0
High26
Low147
None49

To exploit a vulnerability a certail level of authentication might be required. Vulnerabilities without such a requirement are much more popular.

User Interaction

Not Defined0
Required97
None125

Some attack scenarios require some user interaction by a victim. This is typical for phishing, social engineering and cross site scripting attacks.

C3BM Index

Our unique C3BM Index (CVSSv3 Base Meta Index) cumulates the CVSSv3 Meta Base Scores of all entries over time. Comparing this index to the amount of disclosed vulnerabilities helps to pinpoint the most important events.

CVSSv3 Base

≤10
≤20
≤313
≤450
≤564
≤652
≤726
≤813
≤93
≤101

The Common Vulnerability Scoring System (CVSS) is an industry standard to define the characteristics and impacts of security vulnerabilities. The base score represents the intrinsic aspects that are constant over time and across user environments. Our unique meta score merges all available scores from different sources to aggregate to the most reliable result.

CVSSv3 Temp

≤10
≤20
≤318
≤446
≤566
≤652
≤729
≤87
≤93
≤101

The Common Vulnerability Scoring System (CVSS) uses temp scores to reflect the characteristics of a vulnerability that may change over time but not across user environments. This includes reporting confidence, exploitability and remediation levels. We do also provide our unique meta score for temp scores, even though other sources rarely publish them.

VulDB

≤10
≤24
≤324
≤475
≤544
≤641
≤721
≤812
≤90
≤101

The moderation team is always defining the base vector and base score for an entry. These and all other available scores are used to generate the meta score.

NVD

≤10
≤20
≤36
≤46
≤526
≤628
≤726
≤818
≤99
≤108

The National Vulnerability Database (NVD) is also defining CVSS vectors and scores. These are usually not complete and might differ from VulDB scores.

CNA

≤10
≤22
≤317
≤436
≤530
≤623
≤713
≤86
≤911
≤102

A CVE Numbering Authority (CNA) is responsible for assigning new CVE entries. They might also include a CVSS score. These are usually not complete and might differ from VulDB scores.

Vendor

≤10
≤20
≤30
≤40
≤50
≤60
≤70
≤80
≤90
≤100

Some vendors are willing to publish their own CVSS vectors and scores for vulnerabilities in their products. The coverage varies from vendor to vendor.

Research

≤10
≤20
≤30
≤40
≤50
≤60
≤70
≤80
≤90
≤100

There are sometimes also security researcher which provide their own CVSS vectors and scores for vulnerabilities they have found and published.

Exploit 0-day

<1k67
<2k124
<5k31
<10k0
<25k0
<50k0
<100k0
≥100k0

The moderation team is working with the threat intelligence team to determine prices for exploits. Our unique algorithm is used to identify the 0-day prices for an exploit, before it got distributed or became public. Calculated prices are aligned to prices disclosed by vulnerability broker and compared to prices we see on exploit markets.

Exploit Today

<1k222
<2k0
<5k0
<10k0
<25k0
<50k0
<100k0
≥100k0

The 0-day prices do not consider time-relevant factors. The today price does reflect price impacts like disclosure of vulnerability details, alternative exploits, availability of countermeasures. These dynamic aspects might decrease the exploit prices over time. Under certain circumstances this happens very fast.

Exploit Market Volume

Our unique calculation of exploit prices makes it possible to forecast the expected exploit market volume. The calculated prices for all possible 0-day expoits are cumulated for this task. Comparing the volume to the amount of disclosed vulnerabilities helps to pinpoint the most important events.

🔴 CTI Activities

Our unique Cyber Threat Intelligence aims to determine the ongoing research of actors to anticipiate their acitivities. Observing exploit markets on the Darknet, discussions of vulnerabilities on mailinglists, and exchanges on social media makes it possible to identify planned attacks. Monitored actors and activities are classified whether they are offensive or defensive. They are also weighted as some actors are well-known for certain products and technologies. And some of their disclosures might contain more or less details about technical aspects and personal context. The world map highlights active actors in real-time.

Affected Products (45): Android (1), App (16), App Extract (1), Calendar (4), Calendar App (2), Circle (1), Circles (1), Client (2), Collabra (1), Contacts (5), Cookbook (1), Deck (13), Deck App (1), Desktop (4), Desktop Client (18), Dialogs Library (1), End-to-End Encryption (1), End-to-end Encryption App (1), Enterprise Server (28), Files (1), Files Access Control (1), Files Automated Tagging App (1), Files ZIP (1), Global Site Selector (1), Guests (2), Lookup-Server (1), Mail (11), Mail Application (1), NextcloudPi (1), Notes App (1), Office (1), OfficeOnline (1), Office Richdocuments (1), Password Policy (1), Preferred Providers App (1), Richdocuments (4), Server (95), Social (1), Social App (1), Talk (17), Talk-Android (1), Text (2), User Saml (1), news-android (1), user_oidc App (1)

PublishedBaseTempVulnerabilityProdExpRemEPSSCTICVE
06/14/20245.95.7Nextcloud user_oidc App signature verificationCloud SoftwareNot DefinedOfficial Fix0.000450.05CVE-2024-37886
06/14/20243.93.8Nextcloud Desktop Client code injectionCloud SoftwareNot DefinedOfficial Fix0.000450.06CVE-2024-37885
06/14/20243.93.8Nextcloud Server Calendar Event access controlCloud SoftwareNot DefinedOfficial Fix0.000450.14CVE-2024-37887
06/14/20244.64.5Nextcloud Notes App Personal Note access controlCloud SoftwareNot DefinedOfficial Fix0.000450.05CVE-2024-37317
06/14/20245.15.0Nextcloud Calendar App Event Attachment unexpected data typeCalendar SoftwareNot DefinedOfficial Fix0.000450.05CVE-2024-37316
06/14/20244.34.2Nextcloud Deck App Deck Board access controlCloud SoftwareNot DefinedOfficial Fix0.000450.05CVE-2024-37883
06/14/20246.76.6Nextcloud Server Share Recipient access controlCloud SoftwareNot DefinedOfficial Fix0.000450.28CVE-2024-37882
06/14/20243.93.8Nextcloud Server Delete Request access controlCloud SoftwareNot DefinedOfficial Fix0.000450.05CVE-2024-37884
06/14/20243.93.8Nextcloud Server files_versions access controlCloud SoftwareNot DefinedOfficial Fix0.000450.05CVE-2024-37315
06/14/20244.54.4Nextcloud Server Photos access controlCloud SoftwareNot DefinedOfficial Fix0.000450.05CVE-2024-37314
06/14/20246.36.1Nextcloud Server user_oidc access controlCloud SoftwareNot DefinedOfficial Fix0.000450.05CVE-2024-37312
06/14/20247.37.1Nextcloud Server 2FA improper authenticationCloud SoftwareNot DefinedOfficial Fix0.000450.32CVE-2024-37313
03/29/20249.99.7Nextcloud NextcloudPi Web-Panel os command injectionCloud SoftwareNot DefinedOfficial Fix0.000430.02CVE-2024-30247
01/18/20244.24.2NextCloud Files ZIP ZIP Archive access controlCloud SoftwareNot DefinedOfficial Fix0.000530.05CVE-2024-22404
01/18/20245.95.7NextCloud Guests Request URL url encodingCloud SoftwareNot DefinedOfficial Fix0.000530.05CVE-2024-22402
01/18/20244.24.2NextCloud Guests Allowed Apps List behavioral workflowCloud SoftwareNot DefinedOfficial Fix0.000530.05CVE-2024-22401
01/18/20243.93.9NextCloud Deck Organization cross site scriptingCloud SoftwareNot DefinedOfficial Fix0.000510.00CVE-2024-22213
01/18/20244.14.1NextCloud User Saml Link redirectCloud SoftwareNot DefinedOfficial Fix0.000520.06CVE-2024-22400
01/18/20248.68.5NextCloud Global Site Selector authentication bypassCloud SoftwareNot DefinedOfficial Fix0.000970.03CVE-2024-22212
01/18/20243.13.1NextCloud Server OAuth2 violation of secure design principlesCloud SoftwareNot DefinedOfficial Fix0.000510.05CVE-2024-22403
12/22/20234.34.2Nextcloud Files improper authenticationiOS App SoftwareNot DefinedOfficial Fix0.000460.03CVE-2023-49790
12/22/20236.46.2Nextcloud Server/Enterprise Server improper authenticationCloud SoftwareNot DefinedOfficial Fix0.000530.03CVE-2023-49791
12/22/20236.36.2Nextcloud Server/Enterprise Server excessive authenticationCloud SoftwareNot DefinedOfficial Fix0.000680.04CVE-2023-49792
12/22/20234.24.2Nextcloud Calendar unknown vulnerabilityCalendar SoftwareNot DefinedOfficial Fix0.000490.05CVE-2023-48308
11/22/20235.65.6Nextcloud Mail server-side request forgeryCloud SoftwareNot DefinedOfficial Fix0.000680.05CVE-2023-48307

197 more entries are not shown

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